Cervical pathologies

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Publication date: 16.08.2021

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Modern diagnosis, management and treatment of pre-cancerous and non-cancerous pathologies of the cervix, vagina, vulva and perineum prevent the development of cancer in these organs in almost all cases.

Cervical, vaginal, and vulvar cancers are unique in that their causes have been identified and are high-risk types of human papillomavirus. They have the ability to cause precancerous disease of these organs, it should be noted that the high-risk type of papilloma virus also causes the development of cancer of the head in men, and of the rectum, oral cavity and larynx in both sexes.

What types of research are being conducted to prevent cancer?

The following simple and non-invasive examinations are performed for cancer prevention: Pap test, Hr-HPV DNA test (high-risk papillomavirus typing), colposcopic examination of the vagina and vulva, as well as, if necessary, a targeted biopsy from the suspicious area with appropriate morphological examination.

According to the recommendation of the World Health Organization, a Pap test and a colposcopy examination should be performed by all women 6 months after the start of sexual intercourse, and then annually, regardless of whether they have complaints or not. Complaints, unfortunately, appear only in the late stages of cancer, when treatment and surgical intervention are delayed or impossible. Therefore, it is important to detect lesions caused by the papilloma virus in time, because the treatment is effective at the initial stage and is a prevention of cervical cancer. Vaccination is one of the methods of prevention. It is also necessary for vaccinated women to be screened, because the vaccine protects against only a few types of Hr-HPV, so the risk of developing cervical cancer is small, but still there.

Treatment methods

Methods of treatment of pre-cancerous and non-cancerous diseases are: excisional treatment of the cervix, electrocoagulation, cryodestruction, as well as removal of polyps and genital warts by excisive or destructive methods. All the above-mentioned procedures are carried out in outpatient conditions, with local anesthesia, do not require general anesthesia, therefore, they are completely painless for the patient and at the same time comfortable, at the same time, it is also possible to be hospitalized, in some cases, according to the patient’s request, with general anesthesia.

Early detection of cervical precancerous conditions, and correct management and timely treatment of the identified pathology is a 100% guarantee of cancer prevention.

To get answers to any questions you may have, contact us at 2 99 08 53

Miss: Digomi, Chachava 1/Ljubljanas 5

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