Polycystic ovary syndrome
Publication date: 14.04.2021
WHAT IS POLYCYSTIC OVARY SYNDROME?
Polycystic ovary syndrome is one of the most important public health issues with reproductive, metabolic and psychological aspects. Polycystic ovary syndrome is a common disease that affects 8-13% of women of reproductive age, and 70% of patients are undiagnosed.
WHAT IS THE CLINICAL MANIFESTATION OF THE DISEASE?
- psychological – depression, anxiety;
- Reproductive – irregular menstrual cycle, obesity, infertility, pregnancy complications;
- Metabolic – overweight, insulin resistance, metabolic syndrome, prediabetes, type 2 diabetes, cardiovascular risk factors;
WHAT CAUSES POLYCYSTIC OVARY SYNDROME?
The exact cause of polycystic ovary syndrome is unknown, but there are several factors that may contribute to the development of this pathology. these are:
- Excess insulin. Insulin is a hormone produced by the pancreas and is responsible for glucose metabolism. If the cells become resistant to insulin, the glucose content in the blood will increase. Insulin secretion will increase to compensate. Increased insulin causes hyperproduction of androgens, which interferes with ovulation processes.
- Excess androgens. The ovaries produce an excess of androgens, which is the cause of obesity and acne.
- genetic factor. There are several genes that predispose to this disease.
WHAT COMPLICATIONS CAN ACCOMPANY POLYCYSTIC OVARY SYNDROME?
- Gestational diabetes
- Hypertension of pregnant women
- Spontaneous termination of pregnancy
- premature birth
- Non-alcoholic steatohepatitis – acute inflammation of the liver caused by the accumulation of fat in the tissue.
- Metabolic syndrome – a syndrome that involves high blood pressure, hyperglycemia, increased cholesterol and triglycerides in the blood, which in turn increases the risk of developing cardiovascular diseases.
- Diabetes type 2
- Sleep apnea
- Depression, irritability and eating disorders
- Malignant degeneration of the endometrium
WHEN SHOULD WE CONSULT A DOCTOR?
- If you have a menstrual cycle disorder – infrequent, irregular, or prolonged menstrual cycles. For example: 9 or fewer menstrual cycles per year; Menstrual cycle that lasts 35 days or more; abnormally excessive bloody discharge during the menstrual period;
- If you have an excess of androgens, which is clinically manifested by excessive hair on the face and body (hirsutism), periodic acne flare-ups, male pattern baldness.
- If the anamnesis is loaded with infertility.
- If you have excess weight that is not proportional to your calorie intake and you are having trouble losing weight.
TO BOOK A CONSULTATION WITH A SPECIALIST, CONTACT US: 2 99 08 53
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