What you need to know about infertility
Publication date: 04.03.2020
Infertility The same infertility is a problem for many couples today. According to statistics, 12% of women aged 15 to 44 have difficulty conceiving or carrying a fetus. According to the World Health Organization, if pregnancy does not occur after a year of regular unprotected sex, a couple should see a doctor. If the woman’s age is over 35 years, the gestation period for infertility is reduced to 6 months.
SYMPTOMS OF INFERTILITY
Pregnancy is one of the natural states of the female body. In a reproductively healthy woman, pregnancy occurs without any intervention or additional assistance, although symptoms that may be clinical manifestations of infertility causes should not be overlooked, such as:
- Irregular menstruation
- Painful or prolonged menstruation
- Persistent feeling of tiredness
- Pain in the lower abdomen
- Sudden weight gain or loss
- Prolonged stressful situation
The above symptoms are just an indication that the body needs help. At such moments, it is necessary to conduct research, diagnose and diagnose their cause.
WHAT CAUSES INFERTILITY?
Infertility, as a diagnosis, is heard by reproductive medicine doctors after a series of instrumental, laboratory or hardware studies in a woman and a man. Among the causes of infertility are hormonal imbalance, endometriosis, sperm insufficiency, genetic risk factors. There is also unexplained infertility, where the true cause of a couple’s infertility cannot be diagnosed, and examination of both partners is necessary to formulate an effective treatment plan. It is generally accepted that 40% of infertility is caused by females, 40% by males, and 20% due to undiagnosed infertility.
INFERTILITY IN MEN
Male infertility is characterized by the following symptoms: sexual dysfunction – difficult or painful ejaculation, low sperm count, decreased sex drive or erection problems. Testicular pain is also an important symptom. In such cases, it is necessary to visit a doctor and conduct a study.
The cause of male infertility can be:
- Recurrent/complicated respiratory infections
- sexually transmitted infections
- Dilation of the veins of the testicles, the so-called. Varicocele
- Hormonal imbalance
- Defective sperm – a small amount or absence of live and motile spermatozoa.
When examining a man, first of all, a spermogram is performed – a semen analysis that allows you to assess the man’s ability to have children.
INFERTILITY IN WOMEN
When examining the cause of infertility in women, it is necessary to exclude the following types of pathologies:
- Injured, blocked, or surgically removed fallopian tubes
- Irregular menstruation and ovulation
- Cervical erosion
- Antibodies that damage sperm
- Ovarian dysfunction or decreased ovarian reserve
When establishing the cause of infertility, it is necessary to exclude sexually transmitted infections. Most of them cause chronic inflammation, which is an obstacle to conception.
RISK FACTORS AND PREVENTION
In 20% of infertility cases, there is the so-called unexplained infertility of unknown etiology, although there are common risk factors that prevent pregnancy, among which it is worth noting –
- Endocrinological diseases
- Overweight and obesity
- Seniority (+35 years)
- Pelvic inflammatory disease
- Malnutrition and malnutrition
- Use of tobacco, alcohol, drugs and other toxic substances
For the prevention of infertility, a healthy lifestyle is necessary, which includes physical activity and proper nutrition. It is also necessary to conduct preventive examinations once a year.
INVITE FERTILIZATION IS AN EFFECTIVE METHOD OF INFERTILITY TREATMENT
In vitro fertilization is one of the most effective methods of infertility treatment. This method is used by many couples around the world. As of 2018, 8 million children have already been born in the world through in vitro fertilization.
In vitro fertilization is one of the main directions of the Jordanian clinic. With the help of experienced doctors, state-of-the-art equipment and a high-tech laboratory, the pregnancy rate as a result of artificial insemination in the Jordanian clinic is already 75%.